Neco 2018 English Literature Expo











The Plane:
Not long after Bigger ventures outside his house that morning, he and his friend Gus spot an airplane that is engaged in sky-writing. They comment on how hard it is to see the plane and how far away it must be. The two then go on to talk about the unlikelihood of black people getting to fly airplanes, a job that is reserved for white people:
” ‘I could fly a plane if I had a chance,’ Bigger said. ‘If you wasn’t black and if you had some money and if they’d let you go to that aviation school, you could fly a plane,’ Gus said.” The combination of the description of the airplane and the following conversation indicates that the plane is a symbol for far-off, unreachable goals.


The Pigeon:
After the airplane scene, we move quickly to the next important symbol in Book 1: the pigeon, which Bigger and Gus see as they continue to walk down the street together. We read: ”a slate-colored pigeon swooped down to the middle of the steel car tracks and began strutting to and fro with ruffled feathers, its fat neck bobbing with regal pride. A street car rumbled forward and the pigeon rose swiftly through the air on wings stretched so taut and sheer that Bigger could see the gold of the sun through their translucent tips.” the ability to fly away from the forces in his own life that he feels are trying to crush him, just as the pigeon escaped the street car.

4.) A Nigerian author, Bayo Adebowale, in his novel “Lonely Days” addressed the plights of widows and masculine superiority within the African culture. He indirectly fought for the womenfolks via Yaremi’s characterization. According to wikipedia, Bayo Adebowale was born into the family of a farmer named Akangbe Adebowale in the year 1944. Among many other subjects addressed in the novel is the subject of loneliness.

One of the conditions that result in deep feeling of deprivation, emotional deterioration, and ill-health is loneliness. Even the psychologists have proven that loneliness easily give rise to high blood pressure. There are many factors that can result to loneliness; such as betrayal, lack of trust, lack of confidence, sickness, confinement, death of loved one, etc. 
In the novel “Lonely DAYS”, all those symptoms were found in the victims of widowhood not excluding Yaremi, the brave protagonist in the novel. the author revealed the effects of loneliness on Fayoyin, Dedewe, and Radeke who in their black garments of mourning, trekking on the widow’s road expressed their longing for happiness and companion as opposed to their long state of sadness when they heard a distant drumming and songs of merriment. 

In the case of Yaremi, she girt up her loin and tried to combat loneliness with hard-work, tireless cooking in the kitchen, telling stories to Woye (her grandson), philanthropic acts, etc. She also proved brave and immune to loneliness by publicly rejecting selfish men seeking to marry her on the cap-picking day.


Mary Dalton is the female heiress of Dalton’s estate whose death leads to Bigger Thomas, self discovery.May is an adventurous female charcter with a communist orientation.Her role as a girlfriend to Jan Earlone helps the reader understands the role played by communist referred to as “reds” in the civil right movement.During her first meeting with Bigger Mary treats Bigger has her equal.This upsets Bigger who share a racially biasedviews of the societynaround him.Bigger’s hatred for the oppressive white society makes him harbour hatred towards Mary who also refers to her father as “capitalist” in his presence.Mary’s role as a succour provider for Bigger is interpreted by Bigger as an insult.After Mary drives,Mary and her boy friend Jan Erlone around town and they make Bigger drive them to a black neigbourhood where they eat at Ernie’s kitchen making Bigger embarassed as some of his negro friends see him in the company of white folks.Bigger feel humiliated despite Mary’s treatment and after Bigger initially refuses to leave the car,mary begins to sob but is consoled by Jan.After Bigger drives Mary home Bigger tries to carry the drunken Mary up the stairs and as the body crushed against each other Bigger is sexually aroused and as Bigger places her on the bed he hears Mary blind mother approach the home out of fear,Bigger covers Mary,s face with apillow and inadventently kills her in the process.Mary’s death in the novel leads to Bigger’s self discovery

Symbolism In Native Son Essay
The novel Native Son was published by Richard Wright in 1940. The book represents the tragedy of Bigger Thomas, a black boy raised in the Chicago slums during the great depression. Wright uses symbolism extensively in the novel. There is even symbolic meaning behind the titles of each of the three parts of the novel. It is symbolism that allows Wright to explain the entire novel in the first few pages. Even though symbols are widely used in the novel, there are only three that are very important. The three most important symbols are the black rat, blindness, and the kitchenette.

One of the major symbols in Native Son is the black at in the first chapter of the novel. The rat symbolizes the fate, feelings, and actions of the main character. The parallels between the rat and Bigger Thomas are unmistakable. The black rat is seen as an invader and is killed. The same eventually happens to Bigger later in the novel (Lee 50). Robert Lee argues that the black rat is symbolic of several things. According to Lee, one symbolic function of the black rat is that it sets up a motif that resonates throughout the novel.

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.